    # NOVA scienceNOW | Amazing Atoms | PBS

"Here is the latest, atomically correct, version of our old friend, the atom."

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Ex) How much energy is absorbed when an electron in hydrogen moves from the energy levels n = 2 to n = 5? Subtract the absolute values to find the energy needed to be absorbed

Answer

3.4 eV - .54 eV =  2.86 eV

Ex) How much energy is needed for an electron in the n = 1 energy level to move to the n = 2 energy level?

n = 1      -13.6 eV
n = 2       -3.40 eV

Throw out the
negative signs and subtract

= 13.6 eV - 3.4 eV

= 10.2 eV Absorbed

Frequency of photon absorbed

E = hf

h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js

E = 10.2 eV

Convert eV to Joules

page 1 Reference

1 eV = 1.6 x 10-19 J

E = 10.2 eV x 1.6 x 10-19 J

= 1.6 x 10-18 Joules

E = hf

1.6 x 10-18 Joules =

(6.63 x 10-34 Js) f

f = 2.4 x 1015 Hz

Ex) Which energy level transition in MERCURY will produce a photon emission of .22 ev?

c to b transition

(Difference in energy
between b and c is .22 eV)

5) Ionization Energy - minimum energy needed to remove an electron from an atom.

Ionization Energy - greater than or equal to energy at that level. Ionization Energy of Hydrogen

n = 1

13.6 eV or greater

n = 2

3.4 eV or greater

n = 3

1.51 eV or greater Ex) A photon having an energy of 15.5 electron volts is incident upon a hydrogen atom in the ground state.

The photon may be absorbed by the atom and

a) ionize the atom

b) excite the atom to n = 3

c) excite the atom to n = 2

d) excite the atom to n = 4 a) ionize the atom    ©Tony Mangiacapre., - All Rights Reserved [Home]
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